Even in the early stages, arthritis in the big toe can cause tenderness, aches, and joint pain. You may also feel aches or pain in other toes or the arch of your foot as you walk. Over time, you may even develop a burning sensation. An arthritic big toe may ache after long periods of sitting or when you first wake up in the morning.
Overgrowth of the big toe bone can make it difficult or even impossible to bend your toe. This results in a stiff toe, also called hallux rigidus.