Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the knee. It is a degenerative,wear-and-tear type of arthritis that occurs most often in people 50 years of age and older, but may occur in younger people, too. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the knee joint gradually wears away. As the cartilage wears away, it becomes frayed and rough, the clear space between the bones decreases and can cause the bones to rub against one another producing painful bone spurs – see below right.
Physical therapy for Osteoarthritis
Specific exercises can help increase range of motion and flexibility, as well as help strengthen the muscles in your leg. We can help develop an individualised exercise program that meets your needs and lifestyle.
Shock-absorbing shoes, customised orthodic inserts or wearing a brace or knee sleeve can be helpful. A brace assists with stability and function, and may be especially helpful if the arthritis is centered on one side of the knee. There are two types of braces that are often used for knee arthritis: An “unloader” brace shifts weight away from the affected portion of the knee, while a “support” brace helps support the entire knee load.