What is Capsulitis
The joints in your feet are surrounded by a tissue capsule which helps keeps the joints lubricated. The inflammation of this tissue causes a medical condition known as capsulitis. Capsulitis of the second toe in particular is an extremely common condition
Capsulitis in the Foot and Ankle
Most cases occur in the ball of the foot, the pads right below your toes. The inability of the capsules to distribute weight equally as a result of this condition force the toes take the extra weight. Your second toe tends to be most adversely affected due to its central placement. The metatarsal bones may begin to shift without the extra tissue padding to keeping them in place. It may even result in overlapping toes.
Capsulitis can also occur in the ankle. It is commonly referred to as “Frozen ankle” and occurs when there’s capsule inflammation in the ankle region. It is called “frozen” because the inflammation can lock the ankle into one position.
Causes in the Foot and Ankle
Capsule inflammation is caused when a lot of physical pressure is exerted on the feet. Bunions and weak low foot arches can cause alter pressure distribution in the foot which can contribute to developing the condition. High heels can also be another contributing factor as they too can cause unequal weight being applied to your feet.
Ankle capsulitis generally has more complex causes. While overuse is a core source, other conditions leading to frozen ankle may include underlying conditions such as an autoimmune disease or diabetes. An ankle fracture that has failed to heal correctly may also lead to inflammation, as will multiple sprains and fractures of the same ankle.
A small amount of pain in your toes could be an early indicator of capsulitis. You should monitor the pain and if it persists book a consultation with a FootMotion Podiatrist.